G Music Note: The Complete Guide to The Note and The Key 🎶

By Jade Bultitude
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As one of the twelve notes in Western music, the G music note sits between F#/Gb and G#/Ab. Learn how to recognise G in different clefs, the different scales and modes that start on G and listen to famous songs that feature G prominently in their melodies.

G Note on The Staff

G music note in treble clef

Here is probably the most common G you’ll see. It sits on the second line of the treble clef and is the G above middle C.

Below are different Gs that you will see on the treble and bass clef. Remember that we can play G notes an octave higher or lower from out G above middle C. This means that technical there are infinite G notes to choose from!

four differnt Gs in treble clef and bass clef

Below are notes that are enharmonically equivalent to G. F double sharp means two half-steps above F, which is a G natural. A double flat means two half steps below A, which is also G natural.

G music note enharmonic equivalent notes

G Note on the Piano and Keyboard

G sits between the F# and G# black keys on the keyboard. The black keys move in groups of two then three. The G note is in-between the first on second black key in the groups of 3.

You might also remember it as the fifth white key above C. This is because G is a perfect 5th above C.

G music notes highlighted on the piano

G Note Accidentals

We can add accidental signs to a G note and these are shown below. Remember that all these notes (with the exception of G natural) are not enharmonically equivalent to G.

g music note accidentals

G Music Notes in Different Clefs

Here are typical G notes that you will see in different clefs. Some are lower or higher and for more on how to name the different G notes, check out our post on octaves.

Treble Clef –

G music note in treble clef

The G above middle C (C4) sits on the second line of the treble clef.

Bass Clef –

G note in bass clef

The G below middle C (G3) sits on the fourth line of the bass clef.

Alto Clef –

G in alto clef

The G above middle C (G4) sits on the top line of the alto clef.

Tenor Clef – G

G note in Tenor clef

The G below middle C (G3) sits on the second space of the tenor clef.

Mezzo- soprano – G

G mezzo soprano clef

The G above middle C (C4) sits on the fourth line of the mezzo-soprano clef.

Soprano Clef – G

G in soprano clef

The G above middle C (G4) sits on the third line of the soprano clef.

Baritone Clef – G

G in baritone clef

The G below middle C (G3) sits on the third space of the baritone clef.

Popular Scales starting on G

G Major

The major scale formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H, where W= whole step and H = half step. Below is the G major scale.

g major scale

G Natural Minor

The natural minor formula is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. Below is the G natural minor scale.

G natural minor scale, with note names

G Harmonic Minor

The harmonic minor formula is W – H – W – W – H – W1/2 – H. Note that this scale has a three semitone step or a whole-step-and-a-half.

g harmonic minor scale, notes labelled

G Melodic Minor

When ascending the melodic minor scale follows this pattern: W-H-W-W-W-W-H.

G Melodic Minor Scale ascending

When descending it follows the natural minor pattern.

G Melodic Minor Scale descending

Modes Starting on G

Below are the modes that start on G

G modes

G Notes in Famous Songs

‘Welcome to the Black Parade’ – My Chemical Romance

“Welcome to the Black Parade” by My Chemical Romance stands as a defining anthem of emo and alternative rock. Opening with a haunting piano melody starts with a single G note.

God Save the King – British National Anthem

“God Save the King” serves as the national anthem of the United Kingdom, embodying the nation’s historical and cultural significance. With a melody that carries a sense of regal tradition, the anthem is often performed at important national events and ceremonies.

The whole piece is in G major and the first two notes of the melody are Gs.

‘All I Want for Christmas Is You’ – Mariah Carey

“All I Want for Christmas Is You” is a modern holiday classic by Mariah Carey that has become synonymous with the festive season. Wi

This song is in the key of G major and the first note of the verse is the G below middle C (the ‘I’). The last note of the chorus (All I want for Christmas is YOU) is also a G, this time the one above middle C.

Frequency of G Music Note

Using the equal temperament tuning system, the A above middle C is 440 Hz. This means that the G above middle C would be approximately 392 Hz.

frequencies for equal-tempered scale

Solfege G Note

g in solfege

In the solfege system, the syllables Do, Re Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si are used to refer to the notes names, C, D, E , F, G, A, B.

The G music note in solfege is referred to as ‘Sol’,

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Jade is a flute player and music educator with a passion for educating the next generation of musicians. She is a Masters Graduate from Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance. Jade has been helping people learn music theory for more than 10 years from pre school children all the way to degree level studies.