E Major Blues Scale: The Ultimate Guitar Guide 🎸🎶

By Jade Bultitude
Published on

The major blues scale is based around the major pentatonic scale with an added ‘blue note’. Its importance stems from its power to evoke strong feelings, spanning from sadness to happiness, and its essential contribution to shaping genres like blues, rock, and jazz.

The E Major Blues Scale consists of 6 notes: E, F#, G, G#, B, C#

The scale is constructed by using the following notes from the natural minor scale with an added flattened 5th – 1st (root), 3rd (b3), 4th (p4), 5th (b5), 5th (p5) and 7th (b7).

major scale + minor 3rd = major blues scale

5 Shapes of the E Major Blues Scale

Position 1

E major blues scale position 1

Position 2

E major blues scale position 2

Position 3

E major blues scale position 3

Position 4

E major blues scale position 4

Position 5

E major blues scale position 5

It’s important to learn these shapes well as they are exactly the same for the minor blues scale. The only difference is where the root notes and blues notes are located! Also, by memorising the positions you will be able to improvise in a more intuitive way.

Here’s what each shape sounds like and how all the shapes fit together on the fretboard.

Creating the E Major Blues Scale

The best way to create the E major blues scale is to start with the E major pentatonic. This is a five note scale made from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 6th of the E major scale.

E major pentatonic scale

To this we add a flattened 3rd note and we have the E major blues scale. You can think about it as the major pentatonic scale with an added note, so we get a flattened 3rd and major 3rd in the same scale.

E major blues scale

The flattened 3rd (b3) adds dissonance and leads the ear to want to resolve this up to the major 3rd. This allows musicians a greater range of emotions than the major pentatonic.

Relative Minor and Relative Major

As the major blues scale is based on the major pentatonic, its worth taking a look at the relationship between relative major and minor.

It is the minor pentatonic that many guitarists learn first. This is made from the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th degrees of the natural minor scale. It is related to the major pentatonic because all major and minor scales share the same key signatures. 

To understand this we need to know what relative major and minor keys are. If we look at the circle of fifth below you can see that for each major key we have a minor key with the same key signatures (the same number of sharps or flats).

circle of fifths original

For example C major and A Minor both have no sharps or flats. The only difference is that A minor starts on an A natural and C major starts on a C natural. 

It can be confusing for beginner guitarists to realise that the major pentatonic shapes are the same as the minor pentatonic shapes. The key thing to remember it that the root note of the scale is different and therefore in a different place on each shape. 

The blues note in both relative major and minor blues scales is also the same. Thinking about our example above, both C major blues scale and A minor blues scale have an Eb blues note.

E major has the relative minor of C# minor. This means that they both share the same key signature.

Backing Tracks for E Major Blues Scale

Practising scales can be tricky. You can run up and down them, play them in thirds, of use arpeggios to help you. Improvising over backing tracks are another great way to improve your playing and knowledge of scales.

Here are a few tracks you can use but remember that you could use any song in the key of E Major.

Ear Training and Scales

To develop as a musician you’ll want to be able to recognise scales by ear. This is where ear training comes in. My recommendation for this is Tonegym as they have a comprehensive and fun program for training your ears! It’s what has gotten the best results with for my own students.

In the ‘tools’ section of their site, Tonegym even have a scale tool that allows you to listen virtually any scale.

For an in-depth look at ear training, here’s my full review of Tonegym.

Tonegym scale tool

Songs that use The Major Blues Scale

Many guitarists use major blues and minor blues scale for different effects within the same song. This means that it would be misleading to say that only the major blues scale is used in any one song.

Instead I have listed a few famous examples of songs in a major key that really lend themselves to the major blues scale.

‘Honky Tonk Woman’ – The Rolling Stones (G major Blues Scale)

“Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones is an electrifying rock classic that has a vibrant and infectious energy. With its iconic guitar riffs, groovy rhythm, and Mick Jagger’s charismatic vocals, this timeless hit it a staple in the rock ‘n’ roll hall of fame.

‘Johnny B. goode’ – Chuck Berry (Bb major Blues Scale)

“Johnny B. Goode” is a timeless rock and roll classic that epitomizes the energy and spirit of the genre. Written and performed by Chuck Berry, this iconic song showcases his signature guitar riffs and storytelling lyrics, making it a cornerstone of rock music history.

In the main lick of the song uses a combination of the major and minor blues scale.

‘Pride and Joy’ – Steve Ray Vaughan (E flat Major Blues Scale)

“Pride and Joy” by Stevie Ray Vaughan is a vibrant blues-rock anthem that captures the essence of his virtuosic guitar playing. With its catchy rhythm and soulful vocals, the song exemplifies Vaughan’s mastery of the genre and remains a beloved staple of his repertoire.

What’s next….?

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Jade is a flute player and music educator with a passion for educating the next generation of musicians. She is a Masters Graduate from Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance. Jade has been helping people learn music theory for more than 10 years from pre school children all the way to degree level studies.