G Major Pentatonic Scale: A Guide for Guitarists

By Jade Bultitude
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The G major pentatonic is one of the most popular scales in Western music and particularly for guitarists. It’s used in a huge variety of genres including rock, pop, blues, jazz and country. The popularity of this scale centres around versatile it is and how easy it is to play and improvise with.

The G Major Pentatonic scale consists of 5 notes: G, A, B, D, E

The scale is constructed by using the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 6th degrees of the major scale. You can think about it as a gaped or incomplete version of the major scale. ‘Penta’ means five, hence the 5 notes in the G Major pentatonic scale.

5 Shapes of the G Major Pentatonic Scale

Position 1

G Major pentatonic scale position 1

Position 2

G Major pentatonic scale position 2

Position 3

G Major pentatonic scale position 3

Position 4

G Major pentatonic scale position 4

Position 5

G Major pentatonic scale position 5

It’s important to learn these shapes and not to just rely on moving from the minor pentatonic to the major. This ways you will be able to more intuitively improvise over pieces and know where the root notes are.

Creating the G Major Pentatonic Scale

A neat way to construct the major pentatonic scale is to take the five consecutive notes from the circle of fifths. 

Using the G Major Pentatonic we could start on G and select D, A, E and B. By rearranging this we get the G Major pentatonic scale or G, A, B, D and E.

circle of fifths with G, D, A, E, and B highlighted

Another way of creating a major pentatonic scale is to start with the major scale and remove the 4th and 7th degrees. 

G major scale with 4th and 7th highlighted

And here is the G Major pentatonic scale on its own.

G major pentatonic scale

Relative Minor and Relative Major

The Minor Pentatonic scale, which many guitarists learn first, is made up of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th note of the natural minor scale. It is related to the major pentatonic because all major and minor scales share key signatures. 

To understand this we need to know what relative major and minor keys are. If we look at the circle of fifth below you can see that for each major key we have a minor key with the same key signatures (the same number of sharps or flats).

circle of fifths original

For example C major and A Minor both have no sharps or flats. The only difference is that A minor starts on an A natural and C major starts on a C natural. 

This means that our major pentatonic scale will also have relative minor pentatonic scales. 

The relative minor of G major is E Minor.

It can be confusing for beginner guitarists to realise that the major pentatonic shapes are the same as the minor pentatonic shapes. The key thing to remember it that the root note of the scale is different and therefore in a different place on each shape. 

Backing Tracks for G Major Pentatonic Scale

Practising scales can be tricky. You can run up and down them, play them in thirds, of use arpeggios to help you. Improvising over backing tracks are another great way to improve your playing and knowledge of scales.

Here are a few tracks you can use but remember that you could use any song in the key of G Major.

Ear Training and Scales

To develop as a musician you’ll want to be able to recognise scales by ear. This is where ear training comes in. My recommendation for this is Tonegym as they have a comprehensive and fun program for training your ears! It’s what has gotten the best results with for my own students.

In the ‘tools’ section of their site, Tonegym even have a scale tool that allows you to listen virtually any scale.

For an in-depth look at ear training, here’s my full review of Tonegym.

Tonegym scale tool

Songs that use The G Major Pentatonic Scale

‘Honky Tonk Woman’ – The Rolling Stones (G major pentatonic)

“Honky Tonk Women” by The Rolling Stones is an electrifying rock classic that has a vibrant and infectious energy. With its iconic guitar riffs, groovy rhythm, and Mick Jagger’s charismatic vocals, this timeless hit it a staple in the rock ‘n’ roll hall of fame.

‘Sweet Home alabama’ – Lynyrd Skynyrd

“Sweet Home Alabama” by Lynyrd Skynyrd is a beloved Southern rock anthem that exudes a sense of pride and nostalgia for the American South. With its catchy guitar riffs and memorable chorus, the song has become an enduring symbol of the region’s musical heritage.

‘Wish You Were Here’ – Pink Floyd

“Wish You Were Here” by Pink Floyd is a poignant and introspective song that reflects on themes of absence and longing. With its haunting guitar solos and emotive vocals, it remains a classic in the realm of rock music.

What’s next….?

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Jade is a flute player and music educator with a passion for educating the next generation of musicians. She is a Masters Graduate from Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance. Jade has been helping people learn music theory for more than 10 years from pre school children all the way to degree level studies.