Time signature 6/4 explained

By Jade Bultitude
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The time signature 6/4 is a well known meter in classical music and it has been used many times in popular music. 6/4 contains measures (or bars) that have 6 quarter-note beats. Music in 6/4 time often has a pendulum motion to it, similar to 6/8, but at a slower tempo.

We’re going to dive straight into 6/4 time, but you can find more info on what a time signature is in our complete guide to meters.

What is Time Signature 6/4?

The time signature or meter 6/4 is show in the music as a 6 above a 4.

time signature 6/4

This comes before the music starts but after the clef and key signature. The ‘6’ stands for 6 beats per measure and the ‘4’ tells us that each beat is a quarter note. This means that the notes in each measure will add up to six quarter notes.

See if you can spot the six quarter-note beats in this line of music.

two measures in 6:4

Now here it is with the beats labelled.

How to count in 6/4

6/4, like all meters, has a distinctive feel to it. We count 6/4 as 1..&…a…2…&…a and this is because the six quarter notes are grouping into threes. The short piece below contains more complex rhythms with a variety of note lengths, but they would still be counted in the same way. Can you spot where each beat falls?

four measures in 6:4

Now here it is with the beats added.

four measures in 6:4 with beats labelled

6/4 is a Compound, Duple Time Signature

There are three broad types of time signature: simple, compound and irregular. Simple time signatures have strong beats that divide into two. Compound time signatures have strong beats that divide into three and irregular time signatures have a mixture of beats.

In 6/4, the quarter notes are grouped into two strong beats, each being worth a dotted half note (minim). This makes 6/4 a Compound, duple time Signature. It is Compound because each strong beat divides into three quarter-notes. It is duple because there are two strong beats per measure (bar).

To learn more about the differences check out our ultimate guide to time signatures.

The notes below show how each strong beat divides into three quarter-notes.

meter 6:4 showing two strong beats divided into two gorups of three quarter notes

Songs with a 6/4 Time Signature

Hozier – Take Me To Church

Chopin – Nocturne Op9 No.1

The Police – Synchronicity 1

What’s the difference between 6/4 and 3/2

3/2 is a simple, triple time signature. It can be easily confused with 6/4 as the notes in a measure of 3/2 and 6/4 will both total to 6 quarter notes (crotchets). However, the way they are counted differs. 3/2 is counting as 1…&…2…&…3….& whereas 6/4 is counting as 1…&…a…2…&…a. The difference is because 3/2 has three strong beats and 6/4 has two strong beats per beat.

The below image shows what we would have to do to rewrite a 3/2 melody in 6/4. To keep the groupings clear we need to rewrite the half note as tied quarter notes.

measure in 3:2 rewritten in 6:4

What’s the difference between 6/4 and 6/8

6/4 and 6/8 are very similar time signatures. 6/4 and 6/8 have two strong beats per measure and these are each divided into three. The only difference is that 6/4 has 6 quarter note beats and 6/8 has 6 eighth note beats.

As a rough rule, 6/8 is used for faster pieces and 6/4 is used for slower pieces. This is not strictly applied but it holds true for most classical music. At the end of the day it is up to composers and transcribers which notation they want to use.

6/4 meter compared to 6/4 meter

What next…?

If you want to learn more about time signatures, check out our complete guide to meters.

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AUTHOR
Jade is an experienced musician and teacher as well as being the founder of Music Theory Foundations. She has been helping people learn music theory for more than 10 years from pre school children all the way to degree level studies.

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